Famous Indian Personalities

Introduce your kid to some great and famous Indian personalities

FAMOUS INDIAN PERSONALITIES

Famous Indian Personalities– There are plenty of great personalities of India – from Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel, Mother Teresa, Dr. Ambedkar,  etc. – who have done extraordinary service to our nation. But children these days are not aware of these famous Indian personalities. They end up sharing names of some Indian celebrities, film stars or even businessmen. 

So to introduce kids to such great personalities of India, Chimes Radio has come up with this educational podcast “Famous Indian Personalities – All Kids Should Know About”. It is also available in our free mobile app – available on Google and Apple App stores. 

Podcasts Also Available on All Major Streaming Platforms

Amazon Music for Chimes Radio
FAMOUS INDIAN PERSONALITIES
Spotify
Apple Podcasts

Table of Contents

Great Personalities of India

1. Mahatma Gandhi

Throughout history, we have read about great warriors who fought with weapons and ammunition to save the glory of their country. But among all, there is one great leader who choose to fight without any weapon and to follow the path of non-violence. He followed the path of Ahimsa for Indian Independence. He was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also well-known by Mahatma Gandhi. He was born on 2nd of October in Gujarat, Porbandar. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother’s name was Putli Bai. 

Our Father of Nation was adored by his mother as a child and his nickname was Monya. Once he watched a drama “Raja Harishchandra” which happened to be the turning point of his life. He learnt the value of truth and honesty from the drama and followed that throughout his life. But did you know once Gandhi ji stole gold from his own house?  He was under debt when he decided to steal gold. But amidst that he felt so guilty that he wrote a confession letter and gave it to his father. After reading the letter, Gandhiji’s father neither shouted nor beat him up but just tore the letter apart. 

Gandhiji got married to Kasturba Bai and went to England for further studies. He started living in South Africa once he became a Barrister. In South Africa when he was travelling in a first-class coach which was filled with British officials, he was forced to get down of the train because of his nationality and skin color. That’s when he decided to fight for all the Indians who lived in South-Africa and launched the Satyagraha movement. He lived there for 21 years. Infact the station where he was forced to get down, now have his statue.

When he came back to India, he built an ashram near Sabarmati river, named Satyagraha Ashram. Not only did he fight for Indian independence but as a true Indian, he also spoke against many other social evils like untouchability, poverty, illiteracy, etc. Some of Gandhi’s famous movements are: Civil Disobedience Movement, Hind Swaraj, Dandi March, Swadeshi Movement, Satyagraha, etc. He always showed the path of truth and goodwill to his countrymen. 

And how can we forget the three famous monkeys of Gandhiji? These there monkeys depicts life lessons to us. The first says ” See no evil!”, the second says, “Say no evil!”, and the third says, “Listen no evil!” These ideologies were always followed by Baapu. He was admired because of his strong principles and anyone following his path of  non-violence and honesty will be admired too. 

Undoubtedly, Mahatma Gandhi is the greatest and famous Indian personality and for his contributions in Indian independence struggle, he earned the title of “Father of the nation”. 

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Great Personalities Of India & Indian Freedom Fighters

2. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

The First Deputy Prime Minister of India was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Popularly known as Sadar Patel, he was born on 31st October 1875 in Nadiad, Gujarat. His father was Jhaverbhai Patel and his mother was Labda. His father was also associated as one of the soldiers in the army of Queen of Jhansi.

Vallabhbhai Patel was a very curious child and therefore would shoot loads of questions to his teachers in the school. He learned a lot from his father while farming like tables, arithmetic, and many more. He was always fond of learning English, so after Class 7, he moved to Peddler with his friends and started living there. His economical condition was not stable, so he completed most of his studies, even law, by borrowing books and without taking admission to any college. He was a very dedicated student and therefore was able to complete his law studies only in two years. He wanted to be a Barrister in England, so he would walk miles in order to save money.

Vallabhbhai Patel finally went to England when he was 36 and became a Barrister.  He became the Sanitation Commissioner of Ahmedabad when he returned back to India and later he had a major clash on Civic issues with the Britishers. You might wonder how did he become Sardar Patel, right? His turning point was when he met Gandhiji. Initially, he was not influenced by Mahatma Gandhi but after listening to his speech on Swaraj, Vallabhbhai was very impressed and became one of his followers. He even volunteered in the Satyagraha movement and led it. He did that so well that people started calling him, Sardar – A leader. Thereafter Sardar Patel played a huge role in the independence struggle while supporting Gandhi Ji.

Sardar Patel is well-known for the Post-independence unification of India. In 1947 when India got back her freedom, it was divided into 562 princely states and every state wanted self-independence. That was when Sardar Patel took the lead to unify all the states and made India, Indian Union.

In 1947 when India was partitioned, and Pakistan was formed, the Nizam of Hyderabad wanted to shift his state to Pakistan forcefully. When Vallabhbhai Patel came to know about it, he himself stood on the way with his strong iron gut and prevented it from happening. Thus, he also came to be known as “The Iron Man” who unified India.

There are dedicated buildings and streets built on his name all over India. Not only that, in honor of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Indian Government also recently built the “Statue of Unity” in Gujarat which is the tallest statue in the world. 

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Famous Indian Personalities & Indian Freedom Fighters

You can also enjoy few similar content:

3. Dr. B R Ambedkar

Can you guess the person who was denied an education but still fought his ways to become the law minister of India? It was Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the father of the Indian Constitution. Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891 in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh. The place is now known as Ambedkar Nagar. He was the son of  Ramji Maloji Sakpal, who held the rank of a Subedar in the British Army. Back in those days, people were judged and treated based on their caste. Since Dr. Ambedkar came from a backward caste, he had to face a lot of discrimination in his life. He was even stopped from studying but one of the teachers in his school encouraged him to continue his studies and even gave him his surname.

He completed his higher education in 2-4 years and studied for 21 hours a day. He is the only person from India who received the title of Dr. of All Science from London University. Not only did he continue studying law once he came back to India but he also got associated with many social causes like women empowerment and caste upliftment. People used to call him “Baba Sahib” out of sheer respect. In 1936 he created his political party and started preparing for elections.

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the first Indian to complete his Ph.D. in Economics from abroad. He knew 64 subjects and 9 languages. He was the first Indian law minister and was also responsible for forming the Constitution of free India. He received a Bharat Ratan Award in 1990 for all his hard work and achievements. Not only this, there are a lot of universities and colleges named after him. The Statue of Equality is a monument under-construction in Mumbai dedicated to Dr.  Ambedkar, the father of the Indian Constitution.

Let’s celebrate the life and achievements of this great Indian personality.Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Famous Indian Personalities & Indian Freedom Fighters

4. Mother Teresa

Long back, a little girl was born in a wealthy family with all the privileges but sacrificing all she chose to serve the poor and the sick. She preached the message of kindness, humanity, empathy, and peace. She was Mother Teresa. Born on 26th August 1910 in Skopje, North Macedonia to a merchant familym, she was a Roman Catholic and her birth name was Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu.

When she was 18 years old, she decided to leave her house and family to live her life as a nun. She came to Calcutta in 1921 and started teaching at the Loreto School. In 1937, after taking her vows,  she then came to be known as Sister Teresa. After teaching for 15 years in Loreto School, Kolkata, she became the headmistress but the turning point of her life was in 1943 during the Bengal famine and in 1946. She noticed the miseries of the affected people in the famine and decided to help the affected people by living with them.

She established “Missionaries of Charity” in 1950 and became Mother Teresa for all. She also vowed to provide service to “the hungry, the naked, the homeless, the crippled, the blind, the lepers, all those who feel unwanted, unloved, uncared for throughout society, people that have become a burden to the society and are shunned by everyone”. She slowly started building Nirmal  Hridhaya, Shanti Nagar, and Nirmala Shishu Bhavan for her Missonary Charity and established them throughout the world. She also traveled to national and international places to provide humanitarian service. In 1979, she received a Noble Peace Prize and was called the “Saint of the Gutter”. She also received the Bharat Ratna Award and many more Civilian awards and rewards. Today we have schools, charities, and colleges named after her, even her statues are built in many parts of the world. In 2016, after her miracles were proved, the Vatican canonized her for Sainthood and named her “Blessed Teresa of Calcutta”.

“By blood, I am Albanian, By citizenship, I am Indian, By faith, I am a catholic nun, As to my calling, I belong to the world, As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus”

– Blessed Teresa of Calcutta

Let’s celebrate the life and achievements of this great Indian personality. Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Famous Indian Personalities & Indian Freedom Fighters

5. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

In this episode of “Famous Indian Personalities”, let us talk about that gem of India who wore round glasses on his eyes, a military uniform on his body, and a tilted army cap on his head. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose a true patriotic personality who fought for his motherland during the time of Independence. He was born on 23rd January 1897, in Odisha. His father was Jankinath Bose and his mother was Prabhabati. He belonged to an affluent family and his parents were quite inspired by English education.

During school times, Bose was very inspired by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda and Ramkrishna. His feeling of true patriotism came into action after an incident in his college where a British professor misbehaved with an Indian student and stated anti-India comments. When Bose stood up and raised his voice against this situation, he was expelled from the college. He disliked the way the Britishers treated Indians. That is when he decided to fight for the Independence of India. He went to Londo to study for Indian Civil Services. In 1920 he realized that even after ICS, he would be working beneath British officials so he resigned and came back to India. 1n 1921, he joined the Swaraj party and started several protests. He even went to jail several times but never backed off. He became the General Secretary of the Indian National Congress in 1927. In 1928, he presented himself as a “General Officer Commanding Congress Volunteer Corps” in the annual meeting of the Indian National Congress.

He supported Mahatma Gandhi and was inspired by him but did not support the philosophy of “Non-Violence”. He believed that freedom is not given and people need to fight for it. He even organized a mass civil disobedience protest. In 1941 he ghosted from India in the disguise of a Pathan. He went to Germany and trained more than 3000 Indian prisoners for war after which people started calling him “Netaji” out of respect. He flew to Japan after that and formed Azad Hind Fauj. He even formed an all-women regiment in the Indian National Army, which was called as “Rani Jhansi Regiment”.  Netaji’s famous slogan was “Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, main Tumhe Aazadi Dunga”. Slowly with the support of several other countries, Azad Hind Fauj started to fight the British army making them weak. It is said that after these fights and attacks the Britishers started to plan the freedom of India. Netaji is just not a name but an institution.

“Give Me Blood And I Will Give You Freedom”
– Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Famous Indian Personalities & Indian Freedom Fighters

6. Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu is the daughter of a scientist, Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, and Barada Sundari Devi, a poetess. Sarojini Naidu is the most prominent woman face of Indian independence. She was a poet, social reformer, and political leader. She was born on 13th February 1897, in Hyderabad. She wrote a Persian play in her childhood, “Maher Muneer” and received a scholarship to study abroad. She wrote several poems and books like “The Golden Threshold” in 1905, “The Bird of Time” in 1912, “The Broken Wing” in 1917, and many more. She was named “ Bhaarat Kokela” or “ The Nightingale of India”. 

In 1905 she met Mahatma Gandhi, Gopal Krishna Gokhle, and Rabindranath Tagore and became a part of the Indian National Movement. She preached about women empowerment and social reformation. In 1917 she established the Women’s India Association and became the 1st Indian women President of the Indian National Congress in 1925. She took part in Satyagraha, Quit India Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, and others. In 1947 she became the first women Governor of the United Province. Sarojini Naidu is a well known and respected role model throughout the world. In 1990 an asteroid was dedicated after her name, asteroid 5647 Sarojini Naidu.

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Great Personalities Of India & Indian Freedom Fighters

7. Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was born in September 1907 in Banga (earlier was in Punjab, now in Pakistan). His father was Kisan Singh and his mother Vidyavati Kaur. He belonged to a family of radical freedom fighters, all the men in his family believed that they have to follow extreme measures to snatch the freedom of the country, thus making him a hugely patriotic person. Bhagat Singh was highly influenced by his family since childhood and thus grew into a patriotic individual.

In 1919 Jallianwala Bagh Massacre left an everlasting impression on Bhagat Singh who witnessed the destruction and loss of lives after General Dayar opened fire on the people who had gathered there. Bhagat Singh then decided to dedicate his entire life to fight for the freedom of India. With every attack by the British, Bhagat Singh’s dedication grew stronger. In 1923 he joined the National College of Lahore. When Bhagat Singh was in college he came to know about Young Italy Movement in Italy and created a group named, “Naujawan Bharat Sabha” in 1926. Later he also joined Hindustan Republican Association and fought side by side with several other famous freedom fighters to spread the fire of freedom throughout India. In a very small time, he became a household name. 

In 1928, Lala Rajput Rai was leading a protest but sadly, he passed away in the massacre of lathi charge ordered by the Britishers. To avenge Lala Lajpat Rai’s passing away in a lathi charge, he, along with Sukhdev, Rajguru, and Chandrasekhar, carried out an attack leading to the killing of a British officer. After new runs and misses, they were arrested and execution was ordered for them. He went in disguise and changed his complete look to hide from the British officials. In 1929 he along with his partner, organized a bomb blast in the Assembly chamber after Ram Prasad Bismil died while fighting for the nation. Bhagat Singh screamed “Inquilab Zindabad” after the blast. He along with Sukhdev and Rajguru very proudly embraced the end of their life for the sake of the motherland and left a legacy to every Indian to take the cause of freedom forward and attain it at all cost.

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Famous Indian Personalities & Indian Freedom Fighters

8. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

From childhood, Tilak followed the path of honesty. He is one of the main Indian independence activists and social reformers. Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak was the first leader of the Indian Independence Movement. He was born on 23rd July 1856 in Ratnagiri. His father was a school teacher named Gangadhar Tilak and his mother Paravti Bai Gangadhar. Tilak did his college in Pune and studied law in Bombay(now Mumbai). Later in his life, he became a Mathematics teacher in a school which was a turning point in his political career. He converted the school into an institution that promoted self-service and self-empowerment. Tilak identified education and the English language as the important tools to reach the Britishers. He established the Deccan Education Society in Pune, New English School for Primary Studies, and Fergusson College for Higher Education. In parallel, he edited and published the Marathi newspaper “Keshri” and English newspaper, “The Maratha” where he openly criticized the Britishers. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was called “The Father of Indian unrest”.

Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Vipin Chandra Pal were the three most popular people of that time and the trio was known as Lal Bal Pal. In 1890 Tilak joined Indian National Congress and took forward the Indian Independence movement along with the other leaders. In 1905 when the Divide & Rule Policy came to be for the Partition of Bengal, Tilak raised an appeal to take the policy back and boycott foreign goods. The Indian National Congress had two groups. One that supported moderate means and social reforms known as the moderates, the other who just wanted independence. Lal Bal Pal followed the extremist ideology. In 1907 Tilak was sent to jail on sedition charges where he preached the slogan, “Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it.”

In 1914, he created Home Rule League formed on his slogan. In 1916 he was given the title of “Lokmanya”. Mahatma Gandhi called him “The Maker of Modern India” and Nehru called him “The Father of the Indian Revolution”. Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak was one of the strongest advocates of Indian Independence.

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Famous Indian Personalities & Indian Freedom Fighters

9. Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore is India’s first noble laureate who has bestowed all the fellow Indians and the people in the world, the art of literature. “Jana Gana Mana” the song written by Tagore is the national song of our country. He was a poet, writer, composer, philosopher, and painter. He was born on 7th May 1861 in Calcutta. His father was Debendranath Tagore and his mother Sharada Debi. Tagore was quite keen on music and literature from an early age. He never attended any physical school as his father believed in the theory of “Free flow of education”.

At the age of 11, Tagore started living in Shantiniketan with his father where he started his journey of writing. In 1873, he wrote six poems on Sikhism and completed several written works by 1877. In 1878 he was sent to England to study law but he preferred reading Shakespearean plays and dramas. He was quite intrigued by art and literature. From 1880, he started writing dramas, short stories, novels, poetry, and songs. Gurudev was also an acclaimed musician since his childhood. He composed so many beautiful songs that he has his separate genre, “Rabindrasangeet”. In 1910, he wrote “Gitanjali” for which he received the Noble Prize in literature in 1913. Tagore was the first Indian to receive a noble prize.

Despite the fact that Tagore was a patriot, he actually enjoyed and was inspired by the style of education that the Britishers provided. Therefore with the noble prize money, he built up the famous “Visva Bharati University” in Shantiniketan where he focused more on practical and artistic education. In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi met him in Shantiniketan. Gandhiji gave Tagore the title of “Gurudev”. During the Independence movement, Tagore used his tool, his pen, and wrote several patriotic poems for his fellow Indians. Not only did he write the national anthem of India but also of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore devoted all his life to the upliftment of education.

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Famous Indian Personalities & Indian Freedom Fighters

10. Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda was born on 12th January 1863 in Calcutta. His father, Vishwanath Datta was a barrister and a novelist and his mother were Bhubaneswari Devi. Swami Ji’s birth name was Narendranath Datta. He was a very sharp student since his childhood. He was the only student to receive a first-division in the entrance examination of Presidency College. Apart from his subjects, he loved reading a wide range of subjects like philosophy, religion, history, social science, ancient scriptures like the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and the Puranas. Narendra also studied Western philosophies which he then translated into the Bengali language. Swami Vivekananda was known for his sharp memory and ability at speed reading. 

In 1880, he came in contact with the Brahmo Samaj and that was the start and breakthrough of his spiritual journey. He met Ramkrishna, his Guru, in 1881 in Dakhineswar. Swamiji was highly influenced by the thoughts of his Guru. In 1886 Swamiji took monistic vows and that is when he became Swami Vivekananda from Narendranath Dutta. In 1888, he left to travel the whole country with only two books in his hand: the Bhagavad Gita and The Imitation of Christ. He decided to preach and uplift his country and the fellow countrymen. In 1893, after visiting Japan & China, he went to America where he participated in the Parliament of religions. In the Parliament of religion, he opened his speech with,” Sisters and Brothers of America” after which he received heavy applause and a standing ovation. The western media named him, “The Cyclonic monk from India”. His teachings focused on human development and he believed in compassion, morality, and spirituality.

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Famous Indian Personalities & Indian Freedom Fighters

11. Rani Lakshmi Bai

Rani Laxmi Bai was named Manikarnika Tambe and was nicknamed as Manu.She is also known as Jhansi Ki Rani, the queen who was fought against the British without any fear. She was born on 19th November 1828, in the town of Varanasi. Her father was Moropant Tambe and her mother Bhagirathi Sapre. Her father was the commander to the King of Peshwa, Bajirao of Bitoor district. The Peshwa called her “Chhabili” for her playful nature. She was educated at home and learned sports with her friends Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope like martial arts, horse riding, sword fighting, and more. She always preferred traveling on the horseback to using a palanquin. Her horses included Sarangi, Pavan, and Baadal.

She was married to the King of Jhansi and that’s when she became Rani Laxmi Bai from Manikarnika. Later she adopted a boy and named him Damodar Rao. After the death of the King, the British Raj officers applied the Doctrine of Lapse, a policy according to which if any Indian ruler dies without leaving a natural male heir, his kingdom would automatically pass over to the British. As a result, the Britishers wanted to claim Jhansi to which Rani Laxmi Bai cried out “Main apni Jhansi Nahi doongi”. That is when the fight against the Britishers started. She would tie her kid around her chest and fight on horseback.

There are novels, articles, and movies made in honor of her bravery. Even Netaji named the women regiment of the Indian army as Rani Jhansi regiment. The famous statue of Rani Laxmi Bai. She is an inspiration for all her countrymen.

Listen to this episode of Famous Indian Personalities and other interesting kids podcasts on free Chimes Radio mobile apps. Available on Google and Apple App stores.Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous personalities of India

12. Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai or the Lion of Punjab was an inspirational leader, orator, journalist, author, and fierce freedom fighter. He was born on 28th January 1865 in Firozpur, Punjab. His father was Munshi Radha Krishan Agarwal and his mother Gulab Devi Agarwal. Lala Lajpat Rai studied law in Lahore where he met many freedom fighters. He was influenced by the movement of Swami Dayanand Saraswati and became part of Arya Samaj. He later joined Indian National Congress and in 1884 he moved to Hisar which was the changing point of his life. He established a branch of the Indian National Congress in Hisar.

While studying law, he practiced journalism and started writing to influence people for freedom. His contemporaries were Aurobindo Ghosh, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal. Lal Bal Pal together started protesting and agitating. These leaders together launched the Swadeshi movement and Civil Disobedience movement which was later promoted by Mahatma Gandhi.

In 1914, he quit law practice to dedicate himself to the freedom of India. In 1917 he went to several countries like Britain, United States to influence the Indian community residing there. He founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York and also became the President of the Indian National Congress. Lala Lajpat Rai started several reforms and spoke against issues like the caste system, position of women, untouchability, and more. He also established several schools and colleges for the youths of India.

In 1928, the British government set up the Commission, headed by to report on the political situation in India. The Indian political parties boycotted the Commission because it did not include a single Indian in its membership. On 30 October 1928, Lajpat Rai led a non-violent, peaceful march in protest against it. The protesters chanted “Simon Go Back” and carried black flags. The Superintendent of Police, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge where Lajpat was seriously injured. Despite being extremely injured, Rai addressed the crowd and said, “I declare that the blows struck at me today will be the last nail in the coffin of British rule in India”. He passed away on 17 November 1928. Bhagat Singh, who was a witness to the event, vowed to take revenge on one of the greatest leaders of India.

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Great Personalities Of India & Indian Freedom Fighters

13. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. He was quite popular among children and they called him Chacha Nehru. He was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad. He was the son of Swarup Ran (mother), and Motilal Nehru (father). Both his parents were attached and involved with freedom movements. He studied theosophy in his childhood and got into the Theosophical Society at age thirteen. Nehru’s theosophical interests led him to the study of the Buddhist and Hindu scriptures which later culminated in his book “ The Discovery of India”. 1912, Nehru enrolled himself as an advocate of the Allahabad High Court and tried to settle down as a barrister but he was not interested in law.

In 1912, Nehru attended an annual session of the Indian National Congress in Patna and joined Indian politics. He took an active part in movements like Home Rule Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, and many more. In 1919, while he was traveling, he heard General Dyer talking about the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Dyer mentioned how satisfied he was after that incident. That’s when Nehru decided to get freedom from the Britishers.

He was sent to jail almost 9 times and there he wrote many books like his autobiography, “Towards Freedom”, “Letters from a father to his daughter”, “ Discovery of India”, “Glimpses of World History” and more. He was the right hand of Mahatma Gandhi in Indian Independence. They were an active part of the Civil Disobedience Movement, Salt Satyagraha, Quit India Movement. Nehru became the first Prime Minister of Independent India. Later he worked with Sardar Patel to unify India. In 1950 India became Republic. In 1955, he received the Bharat Ratna for his efforts on Indian industrialization. His attire- the jacket with a rose in the pocket and a Nehru cap is his style statement.

Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous Indian personalities

14. Khudiram Bose

Khudiram Bose was one of India’s youngest revolutionaries. He was born on December 3rd, 1889, in Medinipur, district of Bengal. His parents died when he was a newborn, so he was raised by his older sister and her husband. Sri Aurobindo and Sister Nivedita visited Midnapore in 1903 when Khudiram heard their speech in which they urged India’s youth to join the independence movement. Bose was so inspired by their speech that he actively took part in Sri Aurobindo’s secret planning in the freedom movement.

While still in college, he entered the Martyrs Club in 1904. Khudiram was just 16 years old when he carried out some revolutionary activities during the Partition of Bengal in 1905. Khudiram and Prafulla tried to kill Magistrate Douglas Kingsford, a British judge. However, due to poor timing, two British women were killed by the bomb instead of Kingsford. People rallied to his defense after he was arrested. Khudiram Bose was given the death penalty by the judge. This decision was voted down by the entire Bengal. Bal Gangadhar Tilak defended the two young men in his newspaper Kesari and called for immediate Swaraj. Despite all efforts, the Britishers considered nothing, and finally, on 11 August 1908, he was executed.


His funeral procession passed through the city, and as the carriage passed by, people proceeded to throw flowers on the body. Khudiram Bose is known as the youngest Indian freedom fighter to give his life in the fight for independence. Stay tuned to listen to more episodes of our podcast, “Famous Indian Personalities” where we will keep bringing such great personalities of India. Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous Indian personalities

15. Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Raja Ram Mohan Roy was one of the founders of the Brahmo Sabha.  He was an educator and social reformer. He was born in Hoogly, West Bengal, on the 22nd of May 1772. Ram Kanta was his father, and Tarini Devi was his mother. In the village path-shala, Ram Mohan began his formal education. In his childhood, he studied Bengali, Persian, and Sanskrit. Later in his life, when he was at Banaras, he studied the Hindu scriptures. He believed in the “Unity of God”.

When Raja Ram Mohan Roy saw his sister-in-law fall victim to the Sati scheme, he took a stand against societal beliefs. Sati was an ancient tradition that stated that if a man died due to some situation, his wife would have to give up her life as well. He began organizing meetings on women’s empowerment, women’s rights, women’s education, and the abolition of child marriages in the 1820s. He began educating people about social evils such as polygamy, the caste system, child marriage, superstitions, and other traditions.

In 1820, he established the Brahmo Sabha, a religious movement dedicated to combating social evils. At the same time, he was translating Hindu scriptures into English. He had always been interested in education and believed that India could only be bettered by education. He established the Hindu College in Calcutta in 1817, in association with David Hare. Roy established the Anglo-Hindu school in 1822, Vedanta College in 1826, and other institutions.

After his tireless efforts and opposition, the Sati scheme was eventually outlawed in 1829. The Mughal emperor Akbar II bestowed the title of Raja upon him. In the fields of politics, public policy, education, and religion, his influence was overwhelming. Raja Ram Mohan Roy is also known as the “Father of the Bengal Renaissance.” Listen to several other podcasts for kids on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous Indian personalities

16. Sri Aurobindo Ghose

Aurobindo Ghose was an Indian philosopher, yogi, and Indian nationalist. He is popular as Sri Aurobindo. Aurobindo Ghose was born in Calcutta on 15 August 1872. His father, Krishna Dhun Ghose was a doctor and a former member of Brahmo Samaj. And his mother Swarnalata Devi. Sri Aurobindo’s English proficiency was very fluent because of his schooling in  Darjeeling which was a center of British life in India back at that time.

His father wanted him to enter the Indian Civil Service so he was sent to England. He cleared the written exams but intentionally delayed the practicals to get himself disqualified for the service. Upon returning to India in 1893, he joined Baroda State Service. That’s when he started taking an active interest in the politics of India’s independence struggle against British rule. He started writing for the “Vande Mataram” newspaper and pleaded with people to join the independence movement. He organized several meetings and also got the support of other extremist leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal.

Sri Aurobindo was also involved in the controversy of the Alipore Bombing in 1908 but no hard evidence was found against him. Later he was sent to jail for writing in the press against the Britishers. In 1910 he moved to Pondicherry and withdrew himself from all political activities. In Pondicherry, Sri Aurobindo performed secluded yoga and started a magazine named “Arya”. In parallel, he also worked on writing books like The Life Divine, The Synthesis of Yoga, Essays on The Gita, The Secret of The Veda, Hymns to the Mystic Fire, and more.

In 1930, he wrote a poem, “Savitri” which became his greatest literary achievement. With his increase of followers, he with the help of his spiritual collaborator, Mirra Alfassa, founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram. Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was one of the influential leaders who taught the importance of spiritual education.

Listen to more episodes of this podcast “Famous Personalities of India” on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous Indian personalities

17. Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap was the king of Mewar in Rajasthan.  He was the first son of Raja Uday Singh, thus he was trained to become a king since childhood. As a child, Maharana Pratap was very friendly and good-natured. While on expeditions with his father he made many friends with local tribal kids who taught him surviving skills for hard times. After passing away from his father, Maharana Pratap became the king.

With his crown, came his long struggle against the Mughals. At that time Akbar was the king of Mughals, they were expanding their empire and wanted to conquer Gujarat through Mewar. Their policy was to make Indian kings bow to them and give them a prominent position in the Mughal empire. Many kings gave in to Akbar, but Maharana Pratap stood his ground, not willing to give up Mewar. This lead to the famous battle of Haldighati. This extensive battle was won by the Mughals, and an injured Maharana Pratap was carried by his beloved horse Chetak, who took the famous leap of 22 feet, which saved the king’s life but proved fatal for the horse.

After that Maharana Pratap lived in the jungle for years, depending on the surviving skills learned in childhood from his tribal friends, and preparing to reclaim Mewar from the Mughals. Ultimately another battle took place and Maharana Pratap reclaimed most of his land from the Mughals. King Akbar, who has started respecting Maharana Pratap by this time, withdrew from Mewar. Maharana Pratap ruled the kingdom till his last breath and was succeeded by his son Rana Amar Singh.

Listen to more episodes of this podcast “Famous Personalities of India” on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous Indian personalities

18. Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad was an Indian revolutionary who reorganized the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) and preserved the name “Azad,” which means “freedom.” Azad was born as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari on July 23, 1906, in Alirajpur. His father was Sitaram Tiwari, and his mother was Jagrani Devi. In 1921, he was sent to Banaras to study Sanskrit. He was arrested after joining the Non-Cooperation Movement at the age of 15.

When he was brought before the district magistrate, he gave his name as “Azad,” his father’s name as “Swatantrata,” and his residence as “Jail.” From that day forward, he was known as Chandra Shekhar Azad among the people. After Gandhi suspended the non-cooperation movement in 1922, Azad joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), where he became an active member and participant in numerous revolutionary actions. He and his friends were involved in the Kakori Train Robbery in 1925. His objective was to rob the train and use the money to acquire weapons.

Following that, in 1928, after Lala Lajpat Rai was assassinated, Azad and Bhagat Singh teamed together to get vengeance. Azad was captured by police on February 27, 1931, at Allahabad’s Alfred Park. After fighting the cops alone for a while with just a gun and a few ammunition, when he found no way to escape and just one bullet left, he chose to give up his life in order to be free.

Alfred Park is now known as Azad Park, and various schools, universities, roads, and other public institutions in India bear his name. The Colt pistol of Chandra Shekhar Azad is displayed at the Allahabad Museum.

Listen to more episodes of this podcast “Famous Personalities of India” on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more Famous Personalities Of India

19. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

In this episode let us hear about the famous educationist of 19th century Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. He was an Indian educator and social reformer. Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay was born on 26th  September 1820  to Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay and Bhagavati Devi in Birsingha, West Bengal.

As a child, Ishwar Chandra was a kind, intelligent and naughty child. He started studying under his teacher Kantilal, and finished his complete schooling by 9 years of age. After this, he was sent to Kolkata to study Sanskrit. He stayed at a relative’s house whose young daughter was very motherly and affectionate towards him, but she was a widow. This left a huge impression on him. 

In 1841, at the age of twenty-one years, Ishwar Chandra started working at Fort William College and then Sanskrit College in Kolkata.  Alongside he started working on social reforms like Widow Remarriage, Abolition of polygamy. He also worked on translations of Sanskrit in Bengali texts. This made his contribution to Bengali Prose remarkable. 

He also built a lot of schools and got educational reforms for every stratum of society, so that education could be easily available for everyone. Ishwar Chandra got his surname Vidyasagar due to his enormous education and keeping the prestige of his name, he worked endlessly as an educationist till late in his life. 

Listen to more episodes of this podcast “Famous Personalities of India” on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous personalities of India

20. Aruna Asif Ali

Aruna Asaf Ali is popularly known as the ‘Grand Old Lady’ was one of the leading female figures of India’s freedom movement. Aruna Asaf Ali was born (on 16 July 1909 in Kalka, Punjab. She was the daughter of Upendranath Ganguly and Ambalika Devi. After her schooling in Lahore, she started teaching in Kolkata and got married to Asif Ali, in 1928. Asif Ali was a senior member of the Indian National Congress.

Aruna Asaf Ali became a member of the Indian National Congress after marrying Asaf Ali and was sent to prison for processing in the Salt Satyagraha movement. In 1931, during the second round table conference, the Gandhi-Irwin Pact came into being with many conditions. One of them was that every prisoner of Salt Satyagraha must be released. Other women co-prisoners refused to leave the premises unless Aruna Asif Ali was also released. After massive protests by the public and the intervention of  Mahatma Gandhi, she was released.

In 1932, she was again sent to Tihar jail first and then moved to Ambala but her involvement in the Independence movement was active. On 8 August 1942, the All India Congress Committee passed the Quit India resolution at the Bombay session. The government responded by arresting the major leaders and all members of the Congress Working Committee and thus tried to pre-empt the movement from success. Young Aruna Asaf Ali commencement the movement on 9th August and hoisted the Congress flag at the Gowalia Tank Maidan. She was named Heroine of the 1942 movement for her bravery.

An arrest warrant was issued in her name but she went underground. The government announced a reward of 5,000 rupees for her capture. and seized all her properties. In the meanwhile, Aruna Asif also edited Inquilab, a monthly magazine of the Congress Party. However, she came out of hiding after Mahatma Gandhi sent her a hand-written note. In 1947 India got her independence and in 1948, Aruna Asif Ali joined to socialist party and got involved in women upliftment efforts. In 1958, she was elected the first woman Mayor of Delhi.

Aruna Asaf Ali was awarded International Lenin Peace Prize in 1964, the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1991, India’s second-highest civilian honor in 1992, and finally the highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, posthumously in 1997. In 1998, a road named Aruna Asaf Ali Marg in New Delhi was named in her honor.

Listen to more episodes of this podcast “Famous Personalities of India” on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous personalities of India

21. Dalai Lama

The Dalai Lama, who was born in Tibet and calls himself the Son of India, is a person of charming personality. He is Tibetan Buddhism’s spiritual leader. Lhamo Thondup was his birth name. He was born on July 6, 1935. Let’s take a look at Lhamo Thondup Dalai Lama’s journey.

Around the eighth century AD, Tibetan Buddhism was influenced by the later stages of Indian Buddhism. Gedun Drupa, the spiritual leader, and first Dalai Lama was born in 1391.

Following the death of the first Tibetan spiritual leader, the followers looked for a new spiritual leader, which was eventually handed to the next Dalai Lama based on visions. Following the death of the 13th Dalai Lama, one of the senior leaders had a dream vision, starting the search for the next Dalai Lama. They were guided to Kumbum Monastery by the visions of a Buddhist spiritual leader, where they encountered a 2-year-old Lhamo Thondup, who subsequently became the 14th Dalai Lama and was given the spiritual name Thubten Gyatso.

He began his religious study under the leadership of other Tibetan monks. He met Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer when he was 11 years old and was inspired to explore the world outside of Lhasa. Finally, he received the Lahrampa degree, the highest degree in Buddhist philosophy, at the age of 24.

Since 1949 China had started to claim Tibet which made life tough for Tibetans. When the Dalai Lama visited India in 1956, he was impressed with the country’s democracy, which was led by Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. In 1959, His Holiness and his companions were forced into exile in a distant nation. He began running Tibet’s administration from India. He started preaching the teachings of World Peace and popularized the concept of meditation.

He also founded multiple Tibetan monastic institutions, participated in various interfaith summits, gave public speeches, and conducted teaching activities on world peace, among other things. He also began a nonviolent campaign in Tibet to halt Chinese dominance, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989.

His Holiness spoke and advocated for a variety of issues, including women’s empowerment, imparting the concept of meditation in children at a young age, and more. Finally, his teachings on kindness, compassion and dedication to humanity made him one of India’s most famous personalities.

Listen to more episodes of this podcast “Famous Personalities of India” on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous personalities of India

22. Sir C V Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was an Indian physicist who was most recognized for his work on light scattering. He is the first Asian to receive a Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect named after him in 1930.

Sir C.V. Raman, was born to a Tamil family on 7th November 1888. His father was Chandrasekhara Ramanathan Iyer, and his mother Parvathi Ammal. Since childhood, he was very keen on pursuing science and later became one of the eminent scientists of India. 

He completed his graduation in 2 years at the age of 16, and by the time he finished his masters, he had already published two papers to the British Journal Philosophical Magazine. He joined the Indian Finance Service in Calcutta as an Assistant Accountant General when he was 19 years old. There he joined the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India’s first research institute, which allowed him to do independent study and contributed to the fields of acoustics and optics.

Finally, in 1917 he was appointed as the Palit Professor of Physics and dedicated himself to full-time research. While traveling to Europe by sea, he was fascinated by the blue color of the sea and later started to research it. On 28th February 1928, C.V. Raman finally discovered the Raman Effect along with his student. As a result, the Indian government has designated February 28th as National Science Day to celebrate his contributions to science.

In 1930, he received the most prestigious award, the Nobel prize in Physics for his Raman effect. His other contributions include the establishment of the Indian Academy of Sciences, the foundation of Raman Research Centre in 1948, and more. In 1954, he received India’s highest civilian honor Bharat Ratna Award. Dr. CV Raman, one of the greatest personalities of India, inspires us to follow our dreams and work hard with lots of dedication.

Listen to more episodes of this podcast “Famous Personalities of India” on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous personalities of India

23. Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who played a key part in the Indian rebellion of 1857. He was a sepoy in the Sepoy Mutiny who rebelled against British control and led the revolt.

Mangal Pandey was a progressive and ambitious young man who was born in the Ballia district on July 19, 1827. He joined in the British East India Company army at the age of 22 in 1849. He served in the British East India Company’s 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment as a sepoy.

Mangal Pandey was a dedicated and loyal serviceman. During this period, Britishers mistreated Indians, particularly the Sepoys. However, when Mangal Pandey and the soldiers discovered that the rifle cartridges were made of animal fat rather than vegetable oil, they became a rebel.

Mangal Pandey addressed the soldiers on March 29, 1857, “Yeh Azaadi Ki Ladai Hai … Ghuzre Hue Kal Se Azaadi … Aane Waale Kal ke Liye ” and they began to rebel against the British officers. The Great Bengal Mutiny of 1857 is another name for this revolt. Later, Pandey was apprehended and hanged for conspiracies on April 8, 1857. Mangal Pandey’s sacrifice inspired countless Indians, leading to the formation of several nationalist groups and movements. In India,  Pandey is remembered as a freedom fighter against British authority.

Listen to more episodes of this podcast “Famous Personalities of India” on free Chimes Radio mobile apps – India’s 1st Kids Radio & Podcast Network. Available on Google and Apple App stores.

Continue listening to more famous personalities of India

Read about our other kids’ podcasts by clicking on the links below: