Countries of North America

All you need to know about North America and its countries

How many countries in North America?

23 countries, 18 dependencies according to the UN

north america

Regions of North America

About North America

  • North America is comprised of 23 countries and 18 dependencies.
  • Canada is the largest country in North America
  • The most widely spoken languages in North America are English, Spanish, and French.
  • The total population of North America is roughly 594 million.

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North America covers about 24.71 million km².


The Arctic Ocean borders North America on the north, the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Caribbean Sea on the south, and the North Pacific Ocean on the west.


  • It is the third-largest continent and is placed interestingly on the world map.
  • Greenland is the largest island in the whole world and a part of the North American continent
  • The lowest point in North America is Death Valley in California.
  • The United States is North America’s most populous country.
  • The Missouri River is North America’s longest river.
  • There are no landlocked countries in North America.

North America (Sub region)

 Canada, Mexico, and the United States of America and the dependencies of St. Pierre and Miquelon, Greenland, and Bermuda make up sub regions of North America, which has a population of around 450 million people. The USA is the populous country in North America.

1. Canada

Canada is a North American country. Its ten provinces and three territories span the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans, making it the world’s second-largest country by total area. Famously known as “The Great White North”, Canada is world’s second largest country. Canada is the world leader in uranium mining and holds the world’s third largest oil reserve. With majestic mountains, rolling plains, forested valleys, and beautiful blue rivers and lakes, it has a diverse landscape.

2. Mexico

Mexico is a country in southern North America that is officially known as the United Mexican States. The United States borders it on the north; the Pacific Ocean on the south and west; Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea on the southeast; and the Gulf of Mexico on the east. One if the six cradles of ancient civilizations, Mexico is a place of distinct culture. The land of the largest Pyramid in the world, this country has some amazing things originating from here.

3. The United States Of America

In this episode we speak about the most powerful country in the world, the USA is also known as “Uncle Sam”. The United States of America is a country made up of 50 states that span much of North America. New York, a global financial and cultural centre, and Washington, DC, the nation’s capital, are major Atlantic Coast cities. Chicago, in the Midwest, is known for its influential architecture, while Hollywood, on the west coast, is known for filmmaking.

This country was discovered by European explorers. With so many inventions this country have given to the world, this place remains one with the highest immigrant acceptance population.

4. Greenland

Greenland is an island nation located east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans. Greenland is the world’s largest island and a self-governing Danish dependent territory with its own parliament and limited autonomy. The ice cap and glaciers cover nearly 80 percent of it. Greenland is named so, but is actually white. Winters have darkness 24 hours, that is when the northern lights play. Listen in to to know more about this place.

5. Bermuda

Bermuda is a British overseas territory in the western North Atlantic Ocean that is self-governing. It is made up of seven main islands. Internally self-governing, it is Britain’s oldest and smallest but most prosperous British Overseas Territory. Outside of the territory, the closest land is in the American state of North Carolina. Bermuda is a place which has the Ship Wreck Capital of the world associated with it. An island that has very intriguing glow worms in its waters. And a bird species that came to life again after being extinct. Listen in to know more.

Central America

Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama make up central of North America, which has a population of around 47 million people. The Belize is the populous country in central North America.

6. Belize

Belize, formerly British Honduras’ colony, is Central America’s only country without a Pacific Ocean coastline. It is a country on Central America’s eastern coast, with Caribbean Sea beaches to the east and dense jungle to the west. Mayan ruins such as Caracol, known for its towering pyramid, Lamanai, and Altun Ha, just outside of Belize City, can be found in the jungles of Belize. The country with largest blue hole, screaming monkeys and distinct bird species. Belize is a place with vibrant wild life living on many islands.

7. Costa Rica

Welcome to the land of “Pura Vida” and the name of which translates to “The Rich Coast”. This is Costa Rica.Costa Rica is a mountainous, rainforested Central American country with Caribbean and Pacific coastlines. Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity, despite the fact that its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions such as the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum. One of the happiest places on earth, Costa Rica does not have an army, and they are proud of it. 

8. El Salvador

El Salvador is a Central American country whose official name is the Republic of El Salvador. Honduras borders it on the northeast, Guatemala on the northwest, and the Pacific Ocean on the south. Nick named as “Land of Volcanoes” this country has hundreds of them, with 20 active ones. El Salvador is the smallest country in central America, and it does not have any coast on the Caribbean sea.

9. Guatemala

Volcanoes, rainforests, and ancient Mayan sites abound in Guatemala, a Central American country south of Mexico. The stately National Palace of Culture and the National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology can be found in Guatemala City, the country’s capital. The country with deepest lake in the Central America. Where there are more than 30 volcanoes, 3 of which are active. A place with a distinct tradition related to kites. Listen in to know more about Guatemala.

10. Honduras

Name of this country translates to “The Great Depths”, words that came out of Columbus’s lips when he landed here in his final voyage to the Americas. Honduras is a Central American country bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. Honduras has a large collection of Mayan ruins. Honduras is home to the world’s second-largest coral reef, after the Great Barrier Reef. It was the first country to outlaw smoking in private residences.

11. Panama

Panama is a country that connects Central and South America via an isthmus. The Panama Canal, a famous human engineering feat, runs through the heart of the country, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and providing a vital shipping route. Panama is the only country in the world where the sun rises over the Pacific and sets over the Atlantic. It has breathtaking scenery and the continent’s second largest rainforest. Thousands of tropical animals live in the jungles here.

The Caribbean

Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Dominica, Jamaica, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadine make up the Caribbean. They are all part of three main island groups- the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles, the Lucayan Archipelago.

12. Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth country made up of two main islands and several smaller islands. It’s known for reef-lined beaches, rainforests, and resorts because it’s located where the Atlantic and Caribbean meet. This country has 365 beaches, does not have any river, and one of its peak is names after Barak Obama. The two islands of the country Antigua and Barbuda are 63 kms apart. This is also a part of cricket playing group of the Caribbean nations, The West Indies, and its also home to Sir Vivian Richards

13. The Bahamas

The Commonwealth of The Bahamas is a sovereign country located in the Atlantic Ocean, within the Lucayan Archipelago of the West Indies. It comprises 97 percent of the land area of the Lucayan Archipelago and is home to 88 percent of the archipelago’s population. The Caribbean island nation where Christopher Columbus landed in his first voyage, famously termed as Discovery of the Americas. This place has white and pink sand beaches with clear waters, and an enormous marine life. A favorite of Hollywood, listen in to know more amazing things about The Bahamas.

14. Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is a Caribbean country that borders Haiti to the west on the island of Hispaniola. It is well-known for its beaches, resorts, and golf courses. Its landscape includes rainforest, savannah, and highlands, including the Caribbean’s tallest mountain, Pico Duarte. Dominican Republic is a country of firsts. The first European settlement in the Americas to first university, this place has lots to offer in terms of unique things. Listen in to know more about the place.

15. Haiti

Haiti is a Caribbean country that borders the Dominican Republic to the east on the island of Hispaniola. Haiti is the most mountainous country in the Caribbean’s. First discovered by Columbus, the country has an island completely occupied by the pirates. Very rich in biodiversity, Haiti has people who take pride in their culture and show them through their music and art. Many of Haiti’s early-nineteenth-century landmarks are still standing. Citadelle la Ferrière, a mountaintop fortress, and the nearby ruins of Sans-Souci Palace, King Henry I’s baroque former royal residence, are among them.

16. Cuba

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country that includes the island of Cuba, as well as the Isla de la Juventud and a number of smaller archipelagos. The northern Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and Atlantic Ocean all meet in Cuba. Cuba is the Caribbean Sea’s largest island. The land of vintage cars, colorful buildings and vibrant people. Cuba is the largest country in the Caribbean’s. The Tianos are the indigenous people of Cuba, till it was discovered by Columbus. The country has 9 UNESCO world Heritage sites. Listen in to know more about Cuba.

17. Dominica

Dominica is a mountainous Caribbean island with tropical rainforests and natural hot springs. The volcanically heated, steam-covered Boiling Lake can be found in Morne Trois Pitons National Park. In the eastern Caribbean Sea, it is a small, fertile island. A country with more  than 365 rivers, 9 volcanoes and 2/3rds of it as rainforest, this country has blck sand beaches. With 2nd largest boiling in the world this place has volcanic springs rising from its ocean floor. Listen in to know more about this place

18. Jamaica

Jamaica is a Caribbean island nation with mountains, rainforests, and beaches lined with coral reefs. Many of the island’s all-inclusive resorts are concentrated in Montego Bay, which is known for its British-colonial architecture, and Negril, which is known for its diving and snorkelling. The Bob Marley Museum is located in Kingston, Jamaica, which is known as the birthplace of reggae music. When Christopher Columbus landed on this island nation he called it “Fairest of all the isles”. A land of fast runners, home to Usain Bolt, it is Jamaica. A land of music, Cricket and happiness, listen in to know more about this Caribbean country.

19. Grenada

Grenada is an island country in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain. A country with a volcano in the heart of which is a bottomless lake, and this lake has various legends associated with it. Grenada, a Caribbean country in the West Indies, this nation is also called island of spices because of the immense nutmeg grown here, which also is apart of the flag of this beautiful beach destination. Listen in to know more.  

20. Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago is a Caribbean country with two islands near Venezuela that has distinct Creole traditions and cuisine. Port of Spain, Trinidad’s capital, hosts a raucous carnival featuring calypso and soca music. The Asa Wright Nature Centre, for example, is home to a variety of bird species. This country was founded discovered by Christopher Columbus around the same time when Vasco De Gama reached India. The country has a deep connection with India. There is most population is of people of Indian origin, Listen in to now more about this two island country.

21. Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a twin-island nation sandwiched between the Atlantic and Caribbean oceans. Cloud-covered mountains and beaches are its trademarks. Named by Christopher Columbus after his patron saint, St Kitts and Nevis is a dual island nation in the Caribbean sea. At a distance of just 2 miles in between these two islands have a lot of water adventure activities between them. With Green monkeys adding to its wildlife, the beaches of this country have both black and white sand, and a very dramatic terrain.

22. Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the Eastern Caribbean with the Pitons, a pair of dramatically tapered mountains on its west coast. Volcanic beaches, reef diving sites, luxury resorts, and fishing villages line the coast. In the Lesser Antilles, it is the second largest of the Windward group. It is a small island nation in the West Indies. With rainforests to wildlife, the country has abundance. Listen in to know more.

23. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a country in the southern Caribbean with a main island, St. Vincent, and a chain of smaller islands. It’s known for its major sailing destinations like reef-lined Bequia Island off Admiralty Bay, which is bordered by white-sand beaches, as well as its yacht-filled harbours, chic private isles, and volcanic landscapes. Kingstown, the capital of the main island, is located there. Capital city of this small country is known as “City of Arches”, an archipelago of 32 islands, St Vincent and the Grenadines has 9 inhabited islands. 

FAQ's about North American countries

There are 23 countries in North America today, according to the United Nations. 

The United States of America is the most populous country in North America.

The smallest country in North America is Saint Barthelemy.

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