How many States and Capitals are there in India in 2022?
India has 28 States and 8 Union Territories at present. Each Indian state has administrative, legal and judicial capital. Every state has its own Chief Minister who governs the state.
Till 2019, India had 29 States and 7 Union Territories but in 2019 the Parliament of India passed an act by which the state of Jammu and Kashmir was broken down into two union territories of Ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir. Subsequently in 2020, Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadar & Nagar Haveli were merged together to form a new Union Territory by the name of “Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu”.
List of 28 States and Capitals of India | Indian States and Capitals
Listed below are the 28 Indian States and Capitals in alphabetical order. Let’s explore all the Indian states and capitals.
States of India
Capitals of States
List of Union Territories of India
Listed below are the 8 Union Territories of India with their respective capitals in an alphabetical order.
Capital of India and its History
New Delhi, located in the northern part of the country is the capital of Republic of India. It is the center of government along with the headquarters of all major branches of government, namely legislative (both houses of Parliament), executive (government and council of ministers) and judiciary (Supreme Court).
Before New Delhi, Calcutta (now renamed Kolkata) was the official capital of the country under the British Raj. But with Calcutta being located in the eastern part of the country, the British government felt that Delhi will be more suitable for ruling the country. Delhi had also been the political capital previously under various rulers of India, especially Mughals.
The foundation stone of New Delhi was laid by George V, the then Emperor of India, during an event in Delhi Durbar in 12th December, 1911. The city’s architecture and planning were done by Sir Herbert Baker and Sir Edwin Lutyens, two very famous British architects. Lord Irwin, the Viceroy of India, finally inaugurated New Delhi as the new capital of the country on 13th February, 1931.
Political Map of Indian States and Capitals | Indian Capitals
Understanding States and Capitals + Union Territories
The basic differences between Indian States and Capitals and the Indian Union territories are as follow:
States of India
Union Territories of India
States are defined as administrative units with a democratically elected government.
The Union governs a small administrative unit known as Union Territory.
Administered by the State Legislature: Governor, Chief Minister & Council of Ministers
Administered by the Central Government through Lieutenant Governors & Administrators.
Relation with Centre is Federal in character
Relation with Centre is Unitary in character
Chief Minister is the executive head
Lieutenant is the executive head
General Information- States and Capitals of India
India, officially known as the Republic of India, is the second most populous country in the world and seventh-largest in land area. India lies in southern Asia and has its land borders with Pakistan to the West, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the North, Bangladesh, and Myanmar to the East. It also shares its maritime borders with Srilanka, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Maldives.
There are 21 Modern Indian Languages, 8 river systems, 7 mountain ranges and 28 states and capitals of India. The capital of India is New Delhi and the official languages of the country are Hindi and English.
It is said, modern humans have inhabited this place for more than 55,000 years. India was ruled by Mughal Emperors for more than 300 years, before it became a colony of the British empire for another 200 years. India got its independence on 15th August, 1947 when it had more than 500 princely states and provinces. The task to unify India post independence was led by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
Latest Updates on States and Capitals of India
- India has had 8 union territories since January 26, 2020. The union territories of Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli have merged into one.
- The central government also announced on August 5 that the special status granted to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 would be revoked, and that the state would be divided into: Jammu and Kashmir UTs and Ladakh UTs.
- The number of UTs has shrunk to eight following the merger of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
FAQ'S On 28 States and Capitals of India
Answer: There are 28 States in India at present, 2021.
Answer: There are 8 Union Territories in India at present, 2021.
Answer: a)Daman & Diu got merged with Dadar & Nagar Haveli in 2020
b) Jammu & Kashmir, and Ladakh became two new Union Territories of India in 2019
Answer: New Delhi is the official capital of the Republic of India.
Answer: Goa is the smallest smallest state in India by area.
Answer: Lakshwadeep is the smallest Union Territory of India.
Answer: The 28 States and Capitals of India are as follows:
- Andhra Pradesh (Amaravati)
- Arunachal Pradesh (Itanagar)
- Assam (Dispur)
- Bihar (Patna)
- Chhattisgarh (Raipur)
- Goa (Panaji)
- Gujarat (Gandhinagar)
- Haryana (Chandigarh)
- Himachal Pradesh (Shimla)
- Jharkhand (Ranchi)
- Karnataka (Bangalore)
- Kerala (Thiruvananthapuram)
- Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal)
- Maharashtra (Mumbai)
- Manipur (Imphal)
- Meghalaya (Shillong)
- Mizoram (Aizawl)
- Nagaland (Kohima)
- Odisha (Bhubaneshwar)
- Punjab (Chandigarh)
- Rajasthan (Jaipur)
- Sikkim (Gangtok)
- Tamil Nadu (Chennai)
- Telangana (Hyderabad)
- Tripura (Agartala)
- Uttarakhand (Dehradun)
- Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow)
- West Bengal (Kolkata)